¿Qué habilidades cognitivas y numéricas definen mejor las dificultades de aprendizaje en matematicas?

  1. Cristina Rodríguez Rodríguez
  2. Juan Eugenio Jiménez González
Journal:
Studies in Psychology = Estudios de Psicología

ISSN: 0210-9395

Year of publication: 2016

Volume: 37

Issue: 1

Pages: 124-134

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1080/02109395.2015.1129825 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

Abstract

Differentiating students with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD) from those with low achievement (LA) is still an unresolved issue. This study explored whether the specific combination of certain cognitive and numerical skills can classify students with MLD, with LA, and without MLD. In order to do this, an analysis was carried out of the performance of 756 Spanish students in grades two to six, on different numerical and cognitive tasks. Two factors were extracted using a principal component analysis of the tasks: a semantic-cognitive factor and a verbal-automation factor. The results obtained from comparing the groups showed that students with MLD and LA demonstrated significant differences in the semantic-cognitive factor, and that these differences were consistent across grade levels. In contrast, there were no differences between groups in the automatic-verbal factor. These results confirm that the groups are not only quantitatively different but also qualitatively different